Readings - Archaeological Methods and Field Analysis
This page contains a series of resources related to the principles of archaeological practice and primary analysis.
PDFs of Course Powerpoint Presentations
1. Archaeological Complexes of the Northwestern Subarctic
2. Principles of Archaeology
3. Stone Tool Manufacture
4. Lithic Material Identification
PDFs of selected readings on archaeological method
1. Soils, Sediments, and Geomorphology
Papers on Lithic Technology and Analysis
Introduction to Lithic Technology - is a PDF containing:
- a list of the typical prehistoric tool technologies found in Yukon
- a selection from Ted Banning's Laboratory Techniques in Archaeology on Analyzing Lithics
- a selection from William Andrefsky's Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis
- a selection of notes from Rogers Flintknapping Webpage
William Andrefsky of Washington State University is one of the world leaders in lithic artifact analysis; below are several selections from his classic study Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis (2nd ed. 2005 Cambridge University Press).
- Basics of Stone Tool Production
- Lithic Identification and Classification
- Stone Tool Analysis
- Artifact Diversity and Site Function
Burins are tools used for engraving other objects; they are closely associated with bone tool and microblade technologies. Distinguishing them, and their offshoot the Burin Spall, from broken formed tools, flakes or blade-like flakes can be a bit tricky, but is important. Here are two papers that should help you along.
- An examination of the classic Burin and Burin Spall
- Giddings on Burin Spall tools in the North
Microblade technologies are ubiquitous in Late Paleolithic cultures around much of the Northern Latitudes but not all microblades are the same - a variety of production techniques have been recognized, some of which serve to distinguish earlier from later components. Here are a few papers on microblade production and analysis.
- Nakazawa et. al. examines 7 different methods for producing microblades and their characteristic debitage
Papers on Archaeological Fauna
- USNPS archaeologist Becky Saleby on the recovery and analysis of archaeological fauna in Alaska, including the Dry Creek, Broken Mammoth, and Swan Point sites.
- Ben Potter's functional analysis of faunal remains from the Gerstle River Quarry site
- Greg Hare's description of Pleistocene fauna recovered near the Little John site at Little Scottie Creek.
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Copyright 2013 ANTH 225 Norman Alexander Easton