Jack Hulland Space Mission
Take a voyage in the Space Shuttle Excursion
Meet Our Mission Team
Jack Hulland Space Shuttle Mission Roles
Duties and Responsibilities
Astronauts are responsible for the execution of space shuttle missions,
their rules and control directives, assessing problems and implementing
deviations from flight plan, procedures or personnel assignments in the
interest of safety or mission accomplishment.
Pilot astronauts serve as both space shuttle commanders and pilots.
During flight, the commander has onboard responsibility for the
vehicle, crew, mission success, and safety of flight. The pilot assists
the commander in controlling and operating the vehicle and may assist
in the deployment and retrieval of satellites using the remote
manipulator system (RMS), referred to as the robot arm or mechanical
Mission specialist astronauts work with the commander and the pilot and
have overall responsibility for coordinating shuttle operations in the
following areas: Shuttle systems, crew activity planning, consumables
usage, and experiment/payload operations. Mission specialists are
trained in the details of the Orbiter onboard systems, as well as the
operational characteristics, mission requirements/objectives, and
supporting equipment/systems for each of the experiments conducted on
their assigned missions. Mission specialists perform extravehicular
activities (EVAs), or space walks and operate the remote manipulator
The Payload Specialist is the person other than a NASA astronaut who
has specialized on-board duties and is a professional in the physical
or life sciences, or is a technician skilled in operating unique
The Medical Officer takes blood pressure and pulse reading before and
after liftoff and during exercise and at rest; times reactions for
certain activities; gives basic first aid and conducts medical
Mission Control Team
The Communications Team relays all voice communications from the
various teams to the student astronauts. They can send written data to
the astronauts via the discussion pages. CAPCOM does much of the
talking during the launch and landing scripts. It is also their
responsibility to closely monitor the countdown. CAPCOM relays all
radio information from various teams to astronauts from launch to
landing and instructs data team to send messages to astronauts. They
are to work closely and support the Flight Team.
Flight Surgeon, Cardiologist, Physiologist
The Medical Team asks the Medical Officer on board the space shuttle
simulator to take blood pressure, heart rate, pulse, and respiration
readings from the astronauts several times throughout the simulation.
This is done before and after exercise. These data are compared and
analyzed for significant differences. The Medical Team is expected to
graph the results and compose a written conclusion based on the results
to be posted on our website. THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD IS REQUIRED.
The Flight Surgeon is the chief medical officer who coordinates the
activities of the medical team; communicates with astronauts; evaluates
physical, mental, and emotional condition of crew and relays this
information to Public Affairs Team; and works with physiologist and
cardiologist to create and eye-hand response tests of astronauts'
reaction time and record results.
The Physiologist determines the resting heart rate of astronauts; the
time it takes for the astronauts to complete a maze on Earth before and
after being spun until dizzy and records the results on a chart;
assists medical officer aboard the shuttle to perform the same
experiments; and relays the results of the experiments to Public
The Cardiologist determines the heart rate of astronauts before and
after exercise (sitting pulse standing pulse, lying down pulse, and
inclined pulse) with a heart rate monitor.
Flight Dynamic Officer, Meteorologists
The Navigation Team plots the shuttle's current position on a large
world map. The Navigation Team also posts weather data on the shuttle
simulator's 5 (or 10) landing sites around the world and assesses
whether an emergency landing there is possible or not.
Flight Dynamics Officer :
The Flight Dynamics Officer communicates with the astronauts during
launch and landing; Mission Elapsed Time (MET) every half hour and
relays this information to the Public Affairs Team; plot shuttle
movement on a world map; research for items of interest to astronauts
concerning countries they are currently flying over and relay this
information to the Communications Team.
The Meteorologist plays the role of the weather plane and reports
current weather conditions at Kennedy Space Center on Merrit Island,
Florida, prior to launch; reports current weather conditions at Edwards
Air Force Base in California and White Sands Space Harbor in New
Mexico, for landing; records temperature, humidity, wind directions and
speed, and any special weather conditions (e.g., thunderstorms,
tornados, snow, etc.) and relays this weather information to Public
Affairs Team every half hour.
Chief Correspondent, Communication and Flight Correspondent, Science Correspondent, Medical Correspondent
The Public Affairs Team scurries about, picking up information from all
teams to post on a large bulletin board. It is the responsibility of
the Public Affairs Team to post mission updates to our Internet site.
The Public Affairs team can write articles describing the mission. The
Public Affairs Team is also responsible for "advertising" the mission
throughout the school and local community by creating posters,
leaflets, Press Releases for the local (and national) media, and so on.
The Chief Correspondent coordinates the handling of information sent by
the Medical, Lab, Navigation, and Communication Teams; posts mission
updates on the school bulletin board; prepares a summary for the school
newspaper; conducts preflight and post flight press conferences; and
composes Press Releases for local media
The Science Correspondent composes news summaries of experiments
conducted by the Medical Team; post summary of lab experiments on
school bulletin board and Internet site.
The Medical Correspondent composes news summaries of experiments
conducted by the Medical Team; post summaries of medical tests on
school bulletin board and Internet site.
The Flight Correspondent composes news summaries relating to the
position of the shuttle as determined by the Navigation Team and post
summaries on the school bulletin board and Internet site.
The Lab Team collects data from the Payload Specialists inside the
simulator who are performing the experiments. They create a series of
experiments for the astronauts to perform. The Lab Team is expected to
demonstrate the results (through graphs, etc.) and compose a written
conclusion based on the results. THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD MUST BE USED.
Science Officers (Mission Control)
The Science Officer (Mission Control) provides direction for
experiments; coordinates all experiments conducted by the astronauts in
flight; relays experimental results to Public Affairs Team; and
prepares a summary of experiments for the webpage.